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What do students need to know to become a journalist?

What do students need to know to become a journalist?

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Who is a journalist?

A typical journalist is someone who collects, creates, evaluates, and presents news and information. In other words, a journalist is someone who conducts an investigation, collects and presents real information in the form of news.

This news can be presented through television, magazines, newspapers, radio, and the Internet.

Successful journalists find not only the facts but also the truth behind them. In addition, you need to get a good idea of what a journalist is doing to get recognized as a successful one. Also, journalists need to have well-developed writing skills. When I was just starting my journalist career I sent my reports to the assessment service, so they could rate my paper.

What is meant by being a journalist?

What a journalist does depends on the context in which we are talking.

As a rule, a journalist conducts research, collects, and presents information in the form of news, which can be presented through television, magazines, newspapers, radio, and the Internet.

Journalists often have a broad career, because they can work in different areas of the media. And in each of these media places, their tasks are usually different.

Depending on the specific organization, a journalist can perform one of the following tasks:


As a journalist, you can perform the functions of a reporter. Here you will get directly involved in the collection of information.

They also conduct interviews, find sources and collect all the information necessary to write a well-detailed new story.

Working as a reporter, you will also present information in written or oral form in news, documentaries, and thematic articles.

Generally, as a journalist working as a reporter, you will have to cover all kinds of news. Some specialize in certain areas, such as sports, politics, or lifestyle. Although some may have to work on the staff of major news organizations.

As a journalist, you can also work as an editor. In fact, the editors are responsible for deciding what will be in the newspaper, magazine, or fresh newsletter.

In short, editors are responsible for the content that should be written by journalists, and make all final decisions.

News Editor

The news editor is responsible for all news journalists. They are responsible for making all decisions about which stories to cover and who exactly should work.


A junior editor takes stories already written and edited by reporters and adjusts them into the right form that meets the special needs of their particular newspaper, magazine, or website.

It is important to understand that editors do not collect information by themselves, but concentrate on existing materials. Then they try to see how to do it better to fit the audience.


A photojournalist is someone who uses photography as a way to report the news.

What they do is cover events with a reporter, taking photos to present a written story. Or they prefer to attend news events on their own and simultaneously perform both jobs.

Function author

A typical writer in this field writes longer stories that should give more information about the news.

This type of writing involves a lot of in-depth research to give readers a long and informative article.

Why become a journalist?

There are many reasons why people choose the profession of a journalist. There is always a story behind their choice of a career as a journalist.

But if you don’t already have this intriguing story, here are the benefits you can achieve by choosing journalism as a career path.

Being a journalist is one of the best professions because of its flexibility. As a journalist, you have many different niches at your disposal.

All you have to do is just choose one specialization and continue your training and education in this field. If you are interested in politics, art, food, business, and sports, you can always find a job that matches your hobbies.

Keep in mind that this career is not only flexible but also competitive. So every day you may need to prove your journalistic value.

Online opportunities

Journalists always have the opportunity to communicate with new sources daily, and this helps their network grow exponentially. This network can not only offer ideas for future stories but also help with potential vacancies.

They can also maximize the interview process by establishing a trusting relationship with clients on social media. When you do that, they will be more willing to help you next time.

You learn every day

As a journalist, you study almost every day. You will learn what works and what does not work and why. Therefore, it will teach you self-analysis.

At the same time, you will learn to challenge yourself, discover your fears and desires, learn about yourself and your role in the world.

In addition, you will learn how to tell stories well. It’s because of a few days of experience, your idea of how to tell a story will completely change.

This is a chance to be helpful

Various forms of journalism are designed to give the public truthful information. By becoming a journalist, you will learn to take a complex topic and break it down so that everyone can understand it.

This is a very important skill that you can develop because it is important for governments and large companies.

A possibility to change the perception

This is always applicable to investigative journalism. Here, the journalist searches for the truth in unclear circumstances, and then sheds light on the topic, thereby changing the perception of the world in such a situation.
In this role, you will have the opportunity to train, re-educate, inform and shape public perception. This is a common thing for topics that a journalist is passionate about.

What should you do to become a professional journalist?

Getting an academic degree is one of the best ways to start a career as a journalist. As a rule, a journalist receives a bachelor’s degree in journalism, communications, or English.

How long does it take to become a journalist?

A bachelor’s degree is a typical educational course that most people choose to become a journalist, and it takes four years.

As a journalist who wants to succeed, you need to advance in your profession. This encourages them to continue their studies in the master’s program, which lasts for another 2 years. 
Knowing how much time it takes to become a journalist depends entirely on the level of education that a person wants to receive.

How much does it cost to get the needed knowledge?

On average, a foreign student should spend about $ 34,000 a year to pay for tuition and fees, textbooks and supplies, as well as for accommodation and meals at the journalism school. However, the cost may vary depending on the school.

Some schools can cost as little as $ 11,000 to $ 60,000 a year, while others cost a little more than $ XNUMX XNUMX a year. This can only happen if you attend a school in the State of residence.

But even if you go to a private school, some good colleges and universities offer financial assistance in the form of student loans.

What should I study to become a journalist?

There are several courses that you need to study before you can become a journalist. Learning languages is great because it will allow you to get a journalistic qualifications all over the world.

In addition, you also need to learn communication to improve your conversational skills. Here is a complete list of courses that you need to study if you want to become a journalist:

  • English literature
  • Creative Media
  • Research
  • Politics
  • Languages
  • Economy
  • History

Where can you study to become a journalist?
Here is a list of the best schools to study special courses for journalists:

  • University of Florida
  • Boston University
  • University of Georgia
  • University of Michigan
  • Marquette University
  • New York University

What is the average salary of a journalist?

In 2018, the average salary of a journalist was about 43,490 64,600 US dollars. While the average salary of a news analyst was 41,260 XNUMX dollars, and the average annual salary of reporters and correspondents was XNUMX XNUMX dollars.

Journalists with little or no experience earn less than $ 23,490,100,930 per year, while journalists with many years of experience earn more than XNUMX XNUMX dollars.