The Fall of Mosul occurred between 4–10 June 2014, when Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) insurgents, initially led by Abu Abdulrahman al-Bilawi, defeated the Iraqi Army, led by Lieutenant General Mahdi Al-Gharrawi.
When fighters with the Islamic State of Iraq and Greater Syria swept across Iraq in the summer of 2014, the largest prize they claimed was the city of Mosul. The jihadists forced the Iraqi military and a large portion of the city’s population to flee. With roughly 600,000 residents remaining
Dair Mar Elia south of Mosul, Iraq’s oldest monastery of the Assyrian Church of the East, dating from the 6th century. It was destroyed by ISIS in 2014. The area in which Mosul lies was an integral part of Assyria from as early as the 25th century BC.
One year after the battle for Mosul began, ISIS has been ousted. But people who call the Iraqi city home say the return to normalcy will be long and laborious. One year after the battle for Mosul began, ISIS has been ousted.
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In mid-2014, Daesh/ISIS overran roughly one-third of Iraq, including Mosul. By late 2017, the Iraqi army — with the help of the U.S.-led military coalition — recovered most if not all the territories lost to the terrorist group.