Little was known to Europeans about the lake until Russia expanded into the area in the 17th century. The first Russian explorer to reach Lake Baikal was Kurbat Ivanov in 1643. Russian expansion into the Buryat area around Lake Baikal in 1628–58 was part of the Russian conquest of Siberia.
Lake Baikal, Russian Ozero Baykal, also spelled Ozero Bajkal, lake located in the southern part of eastern Siberia within the republic of Buryatia and Irkutsk oblast (province) of Russia.It is the oldest existing freshwater lake on Earth (20 million–25 million years old), as well as the deepest continental body of water, having a maximum depth of 5,315 feet (1,620 metres).
Lake Baikal, Russia. Why Visit Lake Baikal. Lake Baikal is one of the most jaw-dropping sights in the world and is often called “the Pearl of Siberia”. Surrounded by the picturesque taiga and mountains, this UNESCO World Heritage Site is one of the largest freshwater lakes in the world.
Lake Baikal is unique natural sight protected by UNESCO. And it’s fair: this huge lake in the shape of a crescent, stretching from southwest to northeast for 620 kilometres, considers being the most in many ways.
Explore Lake Baikal holidays and discover the best time and places to visit. | One of the world’s oldest geographical features (formed 25 to 30 million years ago), magnificent Lake Baikal (Озеро Байкал) is the highlight of Eastern Siberia. Summer travellers enjoy gobsmacking vistas across waters of the deepest blue to soaring mountain ranges on the opposite shore; rarer winter …
Baikal lake has 27 islands. The most important one is Olkhon Island, which is 72 kilometers long and the third largest island that can be found on a lake. History. As part of Russia’s plans to conquest Siberia, an expansion into the Buryat region from around Lake Baikal took place between 1628 and 1658.
The settlement of Listvyanka by Lake Baikal is the most touristy place I have seen in all Siberia. In itself it is not a great attraction, but it is the most convenient place to stay overnight and to organize excursions.