Political parties in Iowa have used caucuses to select party leaders and candidates for office since the 1800s. Before 1907, parties selected all candidates for political office through the caucus system. Iowa held a presidential primary in 1916, but returned to the caucus system in 1917 due to high costs and low participation.
What is the Iowa Caucus? The Iowa Caucus system begins with a group of 1,679 precinct caucuses that start the four-part presidential and midterm electoral process for both Democratic and Republican parties in Iowa.
And Iowa doesn’t necessarily represent a diverse cross-section of America (the state’s population is more than 90 percent white). One reason Iowa draws so much attention in a presidential campaign year is because the Iowa caucus is unlike any other. What’s a Caucus? The Democratic and GOP caucus systems in Iowa are different.
These caucuses are the first nominating contest in the Democratic Party primaries for the 2020 presidential election. The Iowa caucuses are a closed caucus, with Iowa awarding 49 delegates, of which 41 are pledged delegates allocated on the basis of the results of the caucuses.
The Iowa precinct caucuses for both parties will be held at 7 p.m. on Feb. 3, 2020. If you’re an Iowa Democrat and can’t attend your regular precinct caucus, you can choose to caucus at an earlier time on Feb. 3 at one of 99 satellite caucuses being held across Iowa, the country, and abroad (register here by Jan. 17).
The Iowa Caucuses are expected to be held on February 3, 2020. The caucuses are an event where voters from all of 1,774 Iowa voting precincts meet to elect delegates to the county conventions. From the county convention, of which there are exactly 99, delegates are chosen for the state party convention.